References and Further Reading 1. Dualism The most basic form of dualism is substance dualism, which requires that mind and body be composed of two ontologically distinct substances. The term "substance" may be variously understood, but for our initial purposes we may subscribe to the account of a substance, associated with D.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Even though, he lived and died thousands of years ago, his thoughts and his ideas still live on today.
In order to most accurately get a feel for who Plato was, there are many factors to be looked at. First, one should look at the times in which Plato lived. This includes, but is not limited to, the culture, the common thought, and any major historical happenings. However, most of the specific biographical information about Plato is based upon assumptions and educated guesses, none of which can be proven.
This includes a great deal of information, as Plato wrote many things and had many theories. This is also harder than it may sound, because Plato had no specific writing that described his beliefs in definite terms, one can only try to deduce what Plato thought by reading his many dialogues. Plato was born in Athens, Greece, in B.
This time period was a couple hundred years after the beginning of the Olympic Games and the start of alphabetic writing, and a The life and contributions of plato or so years before the uprising of Alexander the Great, who would conquer the known world.
The center of Western civilization during these times was Athens, a city-state and a democracy. This basically means Athens supported itself and the lands around it and had a somewhat organized government. The citizens of Athens governed the city, which is a big reason for its success.
Also, Athenians were mostly intellectuals and preferred using their minds instead of their bodies. Whenever an argument came up, instead of physically fighting like many of their contemporaries would do, they discussed and debated the issue until a conclusion or agreement was found.
In the same aspect, power was not given to the greatest fighter or the strongest warrior, but instead to those that could master words and provoke deeper thought. Because of this, many began to learn polemics, or the art of argument.
Sophists were the ones that indirectly began moral philosophy. They did this by challenging the views of the common people, which brought about strict examination of the moral standards that were present in that day.
One of the most famous people falling into the category of a sophist is Socrates, who will be discussed later. As one can see, the age in which Plato lived was one of intellect and retrospection. However, one must keep in mind most of these facts are assumptions or logical guesses, most of which can not be proven.
These assumptions are temporarily going to be presented as fact, though they are not.
Plato was the youngest son of Ariston and Perictione, who both came from wealthy families that had lived in Athens for many generations. As a young man, Plato studied under Cratylus, who was a student of Heraclitus, the philosopher that believed the most basic substance is fire and that everything is constantly changing.
From the ages of about 19 to 24, Plato fought in the Peloponnesian War. Wanting to be involved in politics rather than military, Plato retired from the War in B. The following year, there was a restoration of democracy to Athens, which gave Plato the hope of joining the politics in Athens.
While in Italy, Plato learned of the works of Pythagoras, which allowed Plato to better appreciate mathematics.
Upon returning to Athens, Plato rejoined the military, where he received honors of bravery and it was during this time that he began to write his dialogues. Plato put much importance on mathematics, as is shown in what was written over the door of the academy: Socrates was an excellent debater, one of the best of his times.
He argued a lot, and he did it well, which were the characteristics of a true Sophist. He argued over the more sacred things in life such as beauty, character, goodness, and knowledge.
The most well known contribution of Socrates to the world is his method of breaking arguments down. This Socratic, or dialectic, method involves continually attacking an argument with questions that refute it until it is no longer able to be refuted, which brings about a stable conclusion.
Watch video · Plato Biography Writer, Philosopher (c. BCE–c. BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher Plato founded the Academy and is the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence in . Third, one should examine one of the most significant people in Plato's life, his teacher Socrates. There is show more content The following year, there was a restoration of democracy to Athens, which gave Plato the hope of joining the politics in Athens. Plato was a classical Greek philosopher &mathematician who was one of the founders of Western philosophy. This biography profiles his childhood, life, works, achievements, ideas, contributions and some interesting grupobittia.com Of Birth: Athens.
This method helps to get rid of misconceptions, which ultimately brings the person whose argument is being questioned to a better understanding of their own views on certain subjects.
Socrates was a man of character. He was a strong defender of justice, and was very willing to risk his own self to bring about justice, as was proven by his death. Considered by some to be just metaphysical speculation, the Theory of Forms tries to explain perception and experience in relation to what Plato calls Forms.
Plato believed everything physical in this world can be defined by the Forms that it represents.Plato was a classical Greek philosopher &mathematician who was one of the founders of Western philosophy.
This biography profiles his childhood, life, works, achievements, ideas, contributions and some interesting grupobittia.com Of Birth: Athens. Oct 02, · Plato is one of history's most influential philosophers.
His contributions range across numerous philosophical subfields, including (but not limited to) ethics, cosmology, and grupobittia.com he was not a scientist in the modern sense, Plato also examined the natural world and the philosophical implications it held.
Plato now turns to the discussion of the opulent city, which comes into being when people give in to the temptation of the pleasures of life. They deviate from the simple ways of their ancestors to indulge in the satisfaction of new needs that require new products. Plato's main contributions are in philosophy, mathematics and science.
However, it is not as easy as one might expect to discover Plato's philosophical views. The reason for this is that Plato wrote no systematic treatise giving his views, rather he wrote a number of dialogues (about 30) which are written in .
Comments on the Euthyphro using the G.M.A. Grube translation (Plato, Five Dialogues, Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno, Phaedo, Hackett Publishing Company, , pp. )The Euthyphro,, is one of the short dialogues by which Plato commemorated Socrates's technique and manner in questioning grupobittia.com structure of the dialogue, which is typical for Plato's Socratic dialogues, is reflected in.
Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed.