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More Essay Examples on Totalitarianism Rubric There have been various attempts to define totalitarianism; most scholars however allude to the fact that such a regime is characterized by the centrality of the government controlling each and every aspect of the state and consequently the society.
Totalitarianism is a dictatorial system of government which has stringent controls over both public and private behaviors of the citizenry and also of the key sections of the government. Other analysts define totalitarianism as total and despotic governments that exhibit traits of the traditional societies.
Other scholars however maintain that it is new concept that only captures a phenomenon that cropped up in the 20th century and does not capture the traditional societies. It is hence appropriate to describe totalitarianism as a modern form of despotism, where the regime captures state resources and institutions, using them to amass and maintain political powers and repress any arising dissent in the bid to accomplish certain ideal objectives.
The use of a mass party that controls the government, the use of state police to quell dissent, muzzling the freedom of the press and political assassinations remain the core strategies of totalitarianism.
Where despotism aims at maintaining the status quo and brutal meting out of force towards any idealistic elements, totalitarianism is driven by a strong ideology that aims at transforming the society and achieving the set ideals while also using brutal force to suppress dissent movements.
As have been observed, the 20th century was largely characterized by the rise in totalitarian regimes and indeed it is these regimes that shaped the international politics and led to the major global conflicts witnessed.
The fascist regime under Mussolini in Italy was aiming at transforming Italy from the yoke of aristocratic forces that had captured its politics.
Nazi regime on the other hand believed in the eradication of the Jews and the establishment of a pure Aryan race to establish its supremacy in the world. Communist Russia believed in the pursuit of the communist ideology and the removal of capitalism tendrils as the key to global economic superiority.
These and many other regimes of those days had a unique commonality; they were totalitarian and inspired the mushrooming of other totalitarian movements across the globe. While however the 20th century was characterized by totalitarianism, it is the same century that would witness their decline.
It is important to observe that the coinage of the term totalitarianism was coined by political scientists during the height of the cold war. The major assumption was that it was a term befitting the description of the existing communist and fascist regimes Jones, The decline in totalitarianism was brought forth by the end of the cold war and the crumbling of the Soviet Union.
To provide a better understanding of how totalitarianism declined due to the end of the cold war, it is crucial to give a recap if the dominant events of that era. The Cold War can simply be defined as a war of words or ideological conflict between the United States and the western block agitating for democracy and capitalism versus the soviet block vehemently pushing for communism.
This was an era characterized by an arms race as each block tried to show its superiority in the global arena. Another major characteristic of this era was the use of proxy wars by the principles, also both super powers did not come into a direct confrontation for fear of mutual annihilation, they engaged in proxy wars.
In the bid to extend their sphere of influence, these superpowers supported the spread if their specific ideologies in new territories. While the United States advocated for democracy, the USSR was pushing for a communist regime characterized by totalitarianism Jones, Indeed the inter-link between communism and totalitarianism has been established.
The term m is seen as being synonymous to Stalinism and Nazism. With Nazism and fascism neutralized by the close of the Second World War and the death of Adolf Hitler, communism remained the only force pushing for totalitarianism.
Communism as an economic and political ideology advocated for the centrality of the state in the controlling the means of production, this was the mode of governance that was propagated by USSR and the states that pursued such an ideology were handsomely rewarded. As has been reiterated, the cold war was simply a war of words, the two superpowers, the US and the USSR employed the use of all manner of strategies to either spread their respective ideologies or halt the spread of the rival ideology.
In addition to coups and politically instigated assassinations, the two powers pegged access to foreign aid on the political ideology. A look at most third world countries by then especially around Latin America indicates that some were in a dilemma over whether to lean east or towards West.
Those that were leaning west were adopting the free market system while those leaning east were mostly embracing totalitarianism. However, with time as the cold war intensified and the as the crumbling of communism became eminent, majority of the nations began adopting the western democracy mostly due to the immense international pressure exerted by the western nations.
The Breton Woods institutions also played a role in this by pegging aid and financial assistance to the initiation of democratic reforms. Indeed it is prudent to state that the decline of totalitarianism was brought about by the end of communism.
With the USSR gone, the key ideals of communism were put into question and capitalism emerged as the dominant ideology. Most nations began initiating political reforms and embracing democratic ideals.John Visconti The Rise of Totalitarianism in Italy After a world war I Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union saw the rise of Totalitarian governments.
Totalitarianism is a system of government in which a leader (Dictator) has complete and utter control over the country and the lives of its people. At the end of World War I, totalitarianism began to rise.
To keep the countries at peace they created The League Of Nations. It did not execute its duties well, and failed to enforce treaties, and prevent invasions.
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continent, and partly due to of the rise of communism. In response to this era marked by extreme war and violence, arts and literature boomed; partly to document the era, and party to serve as a reminder of what happened.
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Most political analysts agree that the period towards the beginning of the 20th century up to the last quarter of the century was characterized by totalitarian regimes - Totalitarianism Essay introduction.
Though there exist various types of political systems, the totalitarian system was the most dominant not only across Asia but also in South America and Europe.
More Essay Examples on Totalitarianism Rubric. There have been various attempts to define totalitarianism; most scholars however allude to the fact that such a regime is characterized by the centrality of the government controlling each and every aspect of the state and consequently the society.